String of Pearls

How to Grow String of Pearls Plant

How to Grow String of Pearls Plant ?

The String of Pearls Plant is a uniquely shaped succulent plant easily recognizable by their nearly circular , small pea-sized leaves. The leaves grow on the stem which gracefully spread over planters and hanging baskets. You can use these stems to propagate the plant which is a very strong and quick grower, but doesn't last long without propagation.

Although commonly cultivated year-round as a hanging plant, string of pearls plants are terrestrial in their natural habitat (deserts of East Africa), and form a ground cover In addition to its peculiar shell-like leaves , the string of pearls plant produces white flowers in spring which have a pleasant scent reminiscent of cinnamon (though this rarely occurs with flowers).

  • Botanical name: Senecio rowleyanus ( also known as Curio rowleyanus)
  • Common Name: string of pearls, string of pearls, string of peas garland vine
  • Plant Type: Succulent
  • Mature Size: 1-2 feet tall
  • Sun Exposure: Full sun partial shade
  • Soil Type: Sandy well drained
  • Bloom Time: Spring to Acidic Soil pH: Neutral
  • Flower color: white
  • Hardiness Zones: 9-12 (USDA)
  • Origin: Africa
  • Toxicity: Toxic to humans dogs and cats

String of Pearls Plant Care :

The String of pearls plant is not particular about its conditions. Given enough light and fertilizer it will grow fairly quickly in one season. A plant will live for about five years when properly cared for but if you propagate new plants from stem cuttings you can effectively keep it alive indefinitely.

To enable this plant to shine , a string of pearls is grown in a hanging basket with multiple stems . Its stems can also be twisted together and you can even grow it in a dish allowing it to form a terrestrial mat the way it does in the wild. String of pearls has no major pest or disease problems and doesn't require much care. However it needs a lot of light throughout the year.

Roshni /String of Pearls light requirements

The string of pearls plant thrives on a combination of direct and indirect sunlight, between six and eight hours in total. They do best in direct sunlight during the morning then move to a location that gets diffused indirect light or partial shade during the entire afternoon.

Soil /Best cactus soil mix

Any regular succulent soil is fine for you for a string of pearls plant but sandy soil is best. A good choice for this plant is a cactus potting mix – alternatively you can use a 3:1 mix of potting soil and sharp sand. These plants are susceptible to root rot so it is important to make sure their soil is well drained. Place them in a container that boasts ample drainage holes at its base -- even one made of terra cotta or clay can help wick away excess moisture from the soil.

Water /String of Pearls watering

String of Pearls Plant

Keep the plant's soil lightly moist during the growing season in spring and summer then reduce watering during the winter months. If you notice that the succulent rounded leaves are flattening out this is a good sign that the plant needs more water. Be careful not to overwater your string of pearls plant but wet social roots cannot escape.

Temperature and Humidity /String of Pearls Temperature and Humidity 

The string of pearls plant thrives in warm temperatures above 70 degrees Fahrenheit through spring . It grows best with cool winter temperatures, ranging from 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit. The plant also likes low humidity so avoid placing it in any already humid areas of your home such as the kitchen or bathroom.

Fertilize string of pearls :

Feed the string of pearls plant organically during its growing season with a balanced liquid or water-soluble fertilizer, diluted to about half strength. During its dormant period of winter you will need to feed the plant every six weeks.

Is String of Pearls Plant Poisonous ? (Is String of Pearls Plant Toxic?)

The leaf of the string of pearls plant is slightly toxic, and should never be consumed so make sure it is not easily accessible to children and pets. While not extremely harmful it can cause stomach problems like vomiting or diarrhea and its cough can also irritate the skin. If you or your pet experiences any of the following symptoms contact the appropriate medical resources immediately.

Symptoms of Poisoning in Humans:

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • skin irritation
  • rash

Symptoms of Poisoning in Animals

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • skin irritation
  • burning in the mouth
  • rash
  • fallen
  • lethargy
  • facial rub

Varieties of Curio Species :

The String of pearls plant, which is a member of the daisy family but no other plant is very fond of it and is commonly sold as " string of pearls " rather than its botanical name. There are some other , equally notable suicides in the same family , including:

  • 'Curio radicans': Not as trailing as string of pearls ,this species has banana-shaped leaves. It is commonly known as banana string or string of fish hook.
  • 'Curio herreanus': Commonlycalled string of watermelon or string of beads ,this trailing plant has small purple melon-shaped leaves.
  • 'Curio citriformus:' This species has erect,teardrop leaves and small white flowers,which bloom between late summer and winter.

How to Propagating String   of Pearls Plant ? (String of Pearls Propagation)

The String of pearls plant propagates fairly easily and doing so is integral to the plant's continued presence in your home. To propagate , take stem cuttings that are several inches in length and allow them to take over for a few days before repotting.  Fill a small pot with succulent or cactus mix and repot the cuttings in soil. Let the new plants settle for a few days then give them a good watering—they should take root quickly.


Repotting String of Pearls Plant:

It is a good idea to repot the String of pearls plant every year in early spring . These plants can only be pruned back a few times as they eventually start to die back , so after few years, plant new cuttings instead of trying to preserve and replant an old plant. It is better to spread.

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